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By Peter A. Chew

This dissertation offers a coherent, synchronic, broad-coverage, generative phonology of Russian. I attempt the grammar empirically in a few how one can ensure its goodness of healthy to Russian. In taking this method, I goal to prevent making untested (or even incoherent) generalizations according to just a handful of examples. in general, the checks exhibit that there are exceptions to the speculation, yet no less than we all know what the exceptions are, a baseline is determined opposed to which destiny theories may be measured, and often the proportion of remarkable circumstances is lowered to less than 5%. The important theoretical results of the paintings are as follows. First, I exhibit that every one of the phonological or morphophonological strategies reviewed may be defined by way of a grammar not more robust than context-free. Secondly, i use probabilistic constraints within the syllable constitution grammar to give an explanation for why constraints on word-marginal onsets and codas are weaker than on word-internal onsets and codas. I argue that the positive aspects [+/- preliminary] and [+/- final], and extraprosodicity, are pointless for this objective.

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The questions of what are possible onsets and codas, whether the sets of word-marginal onsets and codas are, respectively, identical to the sets of all word-medial onsets and codas, and whether syllables really do 49 ‘maximize’ their onsets, are questions of syllable structure rather than syllable structure assignment. 2 Itô’s (1986) method of syllable structure assignment Itô’s (1986) discussion of how syllable structure is assigned is essentially aimed at showing that a template-approach, coupled with a directionality parameter, is a valid and preferable alternative to the rule-based approach advocated earlier in Kahn (1976) and Steriade (1982): valid, because it too fulfils the condition of descriptive adequacy, and preferable, because, according to Itô (1986: 168), the principle of directionality is independently motivated in a number of other areas of Prosodic Phonology such as metrical phonology (Liberman 1975).

Ready’ (attributive, masc. ) ‘to get ready’ (transitive) I will return to take a position on this point below. 2, B, C! 27, 2, B7, B, C7,, 2, ? and $. There are no exceptions to the complementary distribution of (27, B7, C7) and (2, B, C)

Iv) Parallelism. Best-satisfaction of the constraint hierarchy is computed over the whole hierarchy and the whole candidate set. The application of these principles to syllable structure assignment is outlined in McCarthy and Prince (ms 1993: 13) as follows: 52 Syllable structure is generated under Optimality Theory in the same way as any other grammatical property. The function Gen produces a candidate set of syllabic parses for each unsyllabified input. The output of Gen accords with the most fundamental structural principles, those that define what structures are to be contemplated as possible, enumerating the vocabulary of categories and ensuring, for example, that " dominates / and not vice versa.

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