Download A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary by Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang PDF

By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang

This booklet is an entire reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken by way of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sufficient Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the ebook is the Northern Qiang kind spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This e-book, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically accomplished as attainable. It comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological assessment, numerous absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and based marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of complicated, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus complicated consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a suite of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally

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Extra info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)

Example text

The couple will be led to the front of the family altar, and, just like the wedding practice of the Chinese, the couple will first make vows to heaven and earth, the family ancestors, the groom’s parents, the other relatives, and finally vows to each other. There is a speech by the hosting uncles, and the opening of a cask of highland barley wine. There will then be dancing and drinking. As the cask is drunk, hot water is added to the top with a water scoop, and each drinker is expected to drink one scoop’s equivalent of liquor.

A demonstrative plus classifier expression, or an adjective plus (in)definite marking and classifier, or even (in)definite marking plus classifier alone, can be used alone as a noun phrase. Some items can be doubled, such as the adjective (no more than two can appear together24). e. HEAD^color^shape^age^quality^value), but the same if one thinks in terms of order relative to the head. 1a-j). 1) The noun phrase a. Ùuåt®å låpå ba bowl flowery big Æbig colorful bowlfl b. få phi® dÂ˙ clothing white long Ælong white clothingfl c.

When a verb is part of a predicate (verb complex), it can be preceded by an adverbial, a directional prefix, a negative marking prefix, and an aspectual prefix, and can be followed by the causative suffix, aspectual suffixes, and person marking suffixes. This complex can be followed by clause final particles marking illocutionary force, modality, mood, and evidentials. Chapter 2 The phonological system In the context of Tibeto-Burman, the phonological system of Qiang is rather complex, as there are a large number of consonants, both in initial and final position, and a large number of complex consonant clusters, also both in initial and final position.

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