Download A Grammar of Toqabaqita (Mouton Grammar Library) by Lichtenberk, Frantisek PDF
By Lichtenberk, Frantisek
Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken via nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st entire description of the language, according to the author's box paintings. The grammar offers with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. it is going to be of precise curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Toqabaqita (Mouton Grammar Library)
Er+/ /k+/ is accepted by speakers of the language as grammatical. +/, rather than without fusion. ana/ more often than not fuses with consonantinitial monosyllabic grammatical morphemes. an=/. an=/ occurs only before dental consonants: (2-80) a. ana/ /a/ /6atn/ day ‘on that day’ GENP b. a=ta bal+/ some side ‘on one side (as opposed to the other side)’ GENP c.
B. c. d. e. f. g. ) ‘paddle’ ‘spear’ ‘woman’ ‘heron’ ‘be sour’ ‘whisper’ ‘laugh’ Grammatical morphemes may consist of one or more than one syllable: (2-19) a. b. c. d. e. n/ irrealis marker 1sg nonfuture subject marker 3sg object suffix ventive directional assertive marker Grammatical elements of more than two syllables are normally morphemically complex, even though their morphemic make-up may have been obscured by historical developments. a/ and a third person dual object suffix of the same form.
AND And it is even possible for ‘or’ to be realized as /mana/ rather than /mada/. The form /mana/ is most likely the result of “reintroduction” of the second /a/ of /mada/. ) Even though, with the qualifications just mentioned, prenasalization is an automatic feature of certain sounds, it is, in a sense, detachable from them, as just described. Moreover, prenasalization seems to be relatively salient. 1. 2, when Solomon Islands Pijin or English words contain a sequence of a nasal followed by a voiceless stop and such words are accommodated to the phonological patterns of Toqabaqita, the nasal-voiceless stop sequence is usually realized as a prenasalized voiced stop of the same place of articulation as that of the consonants in the original cluster.