Download After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies by Glenn M. Schwartz, John J. Nichols PDF

By Glenn M. Schwartz, John J. Nichols

From the Euphrates Valley to the southern Peruvian Andes, early advanced societies have risen and fallen, yet at times they've got additionally been reborn. past archaeological research of those societies has concentrated totally on emergence and cave in. this is often the 1st book-length paintings to check the query of ways and why early advanced city societies have reappeared after sessions of decentralization and collapse.

Ranging greatly around the close to East, the Aegean, East Asia, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, those cross-cultural reports extend our knowing of social evolution by way of reading how societies have been reworked throughout the interval of radical swap now termed “collapse.” They search to find how societal complexity reemerged, how second-generation states shaped, and the way those re-emergent states resembled or differed from the advanced societies that preceded them.

The members draw on fabric tradition in addition to textual and ethnohistoric information to contemplate such components as preexistent associations, constructions, and ideologies which are influential in regeneration; monetary and political resilience; the position of social mobility, marginal teams, and peripheries; and ethnic switch. as well as providing a couple of theoretical viewpoints, the individuals additionally suggest explanation why regeneration occasionally doesn't happen after cave in. A concluding contribution by means of Norman Yoffee presents a severe exegesis of “collapse” and highlights vital styles present in the case histories with regards to peripheral areas and secondary elites, and to the ideology of statecraft.

After Collapse blazes new examine trails in either archaeology and the learn of social swap, demonstrating that the archaeological checklist frequently deals extra clues to the “dark a while” that precede regeneration than do text-based reviews. It opens up a brand new window at the prior through moving the focal point clear of the increase and fall of old civilizations to their frequently extra telling fall and rise.

CONTRIBUTORS
Bennet Bronson, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Christina A. Conlee, Lisa Cooper, Timothy S. Hare, Alan L. Kolata, Marilyn A. Masson, Gordon F. McEwan, Ellen Morris, Ian Morris, Carlos Peraza Lope, Kenny Sims, Miriam T. Stark, Jill A. Weber, Norman Yoffee

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Extra info for After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies

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The end of occupation is indicated by the symbol ‡. ), housing, city wall, glacis, tower Munbaqa housing city wall, fortified gates, housing, temple el-‘Abd 24 Lisa Cooper “temple-in-antis” (Orthmann 1989:35–44, 65–66). In contrast, the succeeding phase 3a, which dates to the very end of the Early Bronze Age and the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age, was characterized by the absence of fortifications and monumental architecture. The remains of flimsy walls or reused older walls define the nature of occupation (Orthmann 1989:19, 54).

Most recently, this so-called dualprocessual model has been applied by Daniel Fleming to the political world of the Mari archives of ancient Syria during the early second millennium bc, the Middle Bronze Age (Fleming 2004). Fleming cogently observes that although Syrian cities and states were controlled by leaders or kings who ruled from well-demarcated urban centers and who expressed their status and sovereignty by building palaces and other impressive monumen- 32 Lisa Cooper tal structures, a collective decision-making tradition also existed.

40 John Nichols and Jill Weber Historical Context: Centralization and Decentralization in Syria in the Third and Second Millennia BC In the ancient Near East, virtually all complex social systems experienced cycles of centralization and decentralization (Adams 1978; Kohl 1978; Yoffee 1995). Only rarely were Syro-Mesopotamian regions unified under a single hegemon. Rather, competition among multiple urban centers resulted in the rise and fall of given polities, similar to the situation Miriam Stark describes for the lower Mekong basin (chapter 10).

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